The old Jewish cemetary to the right
before the wall was built.
In the fond Bab Doukkala
The grave of Rabbi Haïm Pinto
Essaouira is the site of an annual pilgrimage
to the grave of Rabbi Haïm Pinto,died 1845.
whose home and synagogue are preserved as an
historic and religious site. It is situated in the Mellah. The
hiloula of Haïm Pinto is held in September every year.
6/9 - 9/9) 2012
Essaouira was founded in 1765. The oldest tombs
date from 1776. These tombs are interesting. Contrary to Jewish
tradition and Mosaic Law, they are sculptured with very marked
human forms. These anthropomorphic tombstones sometimes bear epigraphic
inscriptions and sometimes none. These monolithic tombstones are
carved out of marine sandstone.
International Jewish Cemetery
The grave of Rabbi Haïm Pinto
in the old Jewish cemetary.
Annually, on the anniversary of Rabbi Pinto's death,
( 26 Elloul 5605, in the Jewish calendar)
Jews from around the world come on pilgrimage to pray at
the rabbi's grave in the Jewish Cemetery of Essaouira.
A signpost at he Jewish cementary
"Rabbi Haim Pinto’s reputation was so great
that all Morocco resonated with accounts of his miracles and
wonders, and this from his most early years."
Rabbi Haïm Pinto (1748–1845)
was the leading rabbi in Mogador.
Great Torah scholar and tzaddik
Rabbi Pinto is
remembered as a man whose prayers were received in heaven in such
a way that miracles resulted.
"Rabbi Haim Pinto was born
in Agadir, Morocco on Tammuz 15, 5509
(July 1, 1749), on the Hilloula
of Rabbi Haim Ben Attar.
He was the son of the saintly and
venerated Rabbi Shlomo Pinto Zatzal, the descendant of Rabbi Yoshiyahu Pinto, known by the name of the Rif of
Rabbi Shlomo Pinto Zatzal instructed Torah to his son, Rabbi Haim Pinto, when he was very
young. Unfortunately, Rabbi Shlomo Pinto passed away in 1761,
leaving behind him an orphan barely 12 years old.
That same year
(1960), an earthquake completely destroyed Agadir, and numerous
Jews fled and settled in Mogador (Essaouira). Rabbi Haim Pinto
was to be found among the refugees. "
The entrance to the Chaim Pinto Synagogue in
Died 28 September 1845 at the age of 96 years, Rabbi
Haim Pinto has been able to achieve one of its great
and noble dream in Essaouira. The construction of a synagogue
in which he spent much time in prayer to God and taught the
The Haïm Pinto Synagogue
On the ground floor the home
of Haïm Pinto and the synagougue at the first floor.
See more pics below
The most symbolic subject in
that synagogue is a blue wooden cabinet, called an Ark,
holding scrolls containing the Five Books of Moses. It
dates back to the 1800’s.
In Rue Laalouj in the Kasbah,
we find another Jewish historical site. It is the Simon
Attias synagogue. The synagogue was built in 1882.
Today the door is locked and the windows covered with bluepainted
boards. Unknown for most, hopefully waiting for restauration.
The Simon Attias synagogue
The Attia synagogue is one of the most representative and presigious remains of the Jewish cult in Essaouira. Built at the end of the 19th century, in Derb Alouj , just beside the former British consulate. See location on Map of the Medina and Consulates in Mogador
Interior of the synagouge Simon
The building covers an area of 400 m2 patio in the centre.
The main prayer room is split into two levels with a space dedicated to women: a mezzanine was set up on three sides of the prayer room for them. The wooden altarpiece or arch (heikhal) is carved Victorian styleas it originated from Manchester during the times of intense trade between Essaouira and England.
A restauration project has begun - maybe the future museum of Judaism in Essaouira. Source: Le Guido - le magazine d' Essaouira. Edition media business Essaouira No. 38 2013
Star of David with a flower in the middle.
More in symbols
Pictures from the interior of the home
of Haïm Pinto
Interior of Simon Attias
Hiloula of Rabbi Nessim Ben Nessim
The Jewish community celebrates Hiloula
of Rabbi Nessim Ben Nessim
in the village Aît Bayyoud (Essaouira province).
It is a annual moussem in May with participation of several
mostly originate from Essaouira , living abroad.
Ait Biyoud (Meskala) is situated
about 40 km from Essaouira.
Sign at the entrance of the sanctuary
of Rabbi Nessim ben Nessim
in the village of 'Aît Bayyoud (Ait Bayoud, Ait Bayyoud,
It is situated about 40 km south east of Essaouira.
Locate on map below!
The village Ait Bayoud
with the sanctuary of Rabbi Nessim ben Nessim